S. 13.2. – “The Last Ice Age”: The trade in natural ice as an agent of modernisation and economic integration in the 19th and early 20th century
Chair: Per G. Norseng (the Norwegian Maritime Museum / the University of South-Eastern Norway) // Discussant: Ingo Heidbrink (Old Dominion University)
Eyvind Bagle/Knut M. Nygaard (Norwegian Maritime Museum / University of South-Eastern Norway) – Norwegian ice from “Nature’s Factory” over the seas: Production and shipping of natural ice
Ben Jennings/Effie Dorovitsa (Blaydes Maritime Centre, University of Hull) – Natural ice as a driver for modernisation – Britain and France
Ingo Heidbrink (Old Dominion University, Norfolk Virginia) – Domestic Production or Import of natural ice? The example of the ice supply for the German distant water fisheries before the introduction of artificial ice production.