S. 4.1. – The age of steam
John Laurence Bush (Independent Historian) – “New Mode of Transport”: First Travels Upon the Ocean Using Steam
Helen Doe (University of Exeter) – Reaching Further: The Early Businesses that Drove the Global Expansion of Steam
Liv Ramskjaer (Norwegian Museums Association) – Sigval Bergesen, Stavanger – A strategic ship-owner for a new shipping era?
Julia C. Stryker (The University of Texas at Austin) – Consequences Imponderable and Incalculable: Gender, Steam, and Seapower in the Second British Empire